Traditionally, a gotul is a large structure enclosed by earthen or wooden walls, which serves as a tribe dormitory for young people. It is a vital component of Gond and Muria tribal life in the Indian states of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh, as well as their adjacent states of Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.
The Ghotul custom is widely practiced among the Madia tribes of Bastar. Young boys and girls from all over the world travel to Ghotul to celebrate any festive occasion, and they are free to pick their own life spouse. Ghotul was also well-liked by the general public. A mud hut has been constructed on the outskirts of the settlement.
A crucial component of Muria and Gond tribal culture in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh, as well as in the nearby states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh, Ghotul is a traditional instrument.
Killi is a Munda term that is derived from the Sanskrit word Kula and refers to clans of people.
As one of India’s largest and oldest tribes, the Santhal may be found in Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal. They are also found in Nepal and Bhutan.
Bastar’s tribal education was based on the densely wooded ghotul region of Chhattisgarh, with the traditional’school’ located in the region.
India’s total and tribal populations are broken down per state (As per 2011 Census)
The Gond, Abhuj Maria, and Bhatra are the three most important tribes in the Bastar area. Among the Bhatra are the subcastes of San Bhatra, Pit Bhatra, Amnit Bhatra (of which Amnit is the highest ranking), Halba, Dhurvaa, and Muria, and Bison Horn Maria. The Ghotul system, which is peculiar to the Maria, is well-known.
There are several tribes in northeast India that call this region their home. There are 145 tribal communities in the United States, with 78 of them being major, with each having a population of more than 5000 people. They make up around 12 percent of India’s overall tribal population and 25.81 percent of the entire population of North East India, respectively.
Dormitories are a type of communal living area used by the young of Indian tribes to live together. This place is intended to assist members of the tribes in learning skills like as hunting and making, as well as to foster a sense of belonging from an early age.
Mundas are a central Indian tribe that has been acknowledged as an immigrant tribe in the state of Tripura since the late nineteenth century. Mundas originated in Chota Nagpur, which was their ancestral home. Mundas are a tribe of Proto-Australoid people. Mundari is their native language, which is a member of the Austro-Asiatic language family.
The Korwa people are an Indian ethnic group belonging to the Munda ethnic group, and they are a primitive tribe. They are mostly found in the border between Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, where they reside in large numbers. It is also possible to find a limited number of Korwa in the Uttar Pradesh district of Mirzapur.
According to the findings of the study, the genetic composition of Mundas is the product of interactions that occurred between Indian Dravidian and Southeast Asian groups between 2,000 and 4,000 years ago.