Between the years 420 and 900 A.D., the Maya civilisation reached its peak of power and influence. The Maya civilisation extended all the way from the middle of Mexico to the northern parts of Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. At the height of its power, it is assumed that the civilisation included no less than 10 million individuals.
Maya civilization underwent significant change throughout the Classic Period, which began about 250 CE and lasted until roughly 900. The Mayan civilisation reached its zenith when it comprised more than 40 towns, each of which had a population of between 5,000 and 50,000 people.
During excavations of Maya sites, plazas, palaces, temples, and pyramids, in addition to courts for playing the well-known Maya ball game ulama, have been discovered. All of these structures have major political and religious meanings within the Maya society. Maya towns were sustained by a huge population of farmers who lived in the surrounding countryside.
During the Classic Period of Maya civilization (A.D. 250 to 900), the Maya of the southern lowland region reached their peak and built the great stone cities and monuments that have fascinated explorers and scholars of the region. This period is most famously known for the Maya of the southern lowland region.
Maya refers to both the people who lived in and constructed the civilisation of the Maya who flourished throughout the Classic Period (200 BCE to 900/1000 BCE). The people whose ancestors lived during the Classic Maya period are considered to be Maya (not Mayans).