An ancient civilisation known as the Maya lived in the easternmost section of Mesoamerica, namely on the Yucatan Peninsula. There was a significant contrast in the region’s topography (Mayan geography), which ranged from porous limestone shelves in the middle and northern areas to volcanic mountains in the southern highlands. The southern highlands were known as
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In the year 1532, at the Battle of Cajamarca, 168 Spanish soldiers under the command of the explorer Francisco Pizarro, his brothers, and their indigenous allies successfully captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa. This victory came after years of preceding exploration and military engagements. The invasion of the Inca Empire by the Spanish. Date 1532–1572 Territorial
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The Olmec religious practices of sacrifice, cave rituals, pilgrimages, offerings, ball-courts, pyramids, and an apparent awe of mirrors were also passed on to all subsequent civilizations in Mesoamerica until the Spanish Conquest in the 16th century CE. This occurred up until the time that the Spanish Conquest occurred. What name did the Olmecs give themselves?
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